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真题:2010年5月CATTI三级笔译实务(附参考译文)

winkey为您提供英语学习相关信息:2010年5月三级笔译实务真题Section 1: English-Chinese Translation (50 points)LECCO, Italy — Each morning, about 450 students travel along 17 school bus routes to 10 elementary schools in this lakeside city at the southern tip of Lake Como. There are zero school buses.In 2003, to confront the triple threats of

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2010年5月三级笔译实务真题

Section 1: English-Chinese Translation (50 points)

LECCO, Italy — Each morning, about 450 students travel along 17 school bus routes to 10 elementary schools in this lakeside city at the southern tip of Lake Como. There are zero school buses.

In 2003, to confront the triple threats of childhood obesity, local traffic jams and — most important — a rise in global greenhouse gases abetted by car emissions, an environmental group here proposed a retro-radical concept: children should walk to school.

They set up a piedibus (literally foot-bus in Italian) — a bus route with a driver but no vehicle. Each morning a mix of paid staff members and parental volunteers in fluorescent yellow vests lead lines of walking students along Lecco’s twisting streets to the schools’ gates, Pied Piper-style, stopping here and there as their flock expands.

At the Carducci School, 100 children, or more than half of the students, now take walking buses. Many of them were previously driven in cars. Giulio· Greppi, a 9-year-old with shaggy blond hair, said he had been driven about a third of a mile each way until he started taking the piedibus. “I get to see my friends and we feel special because we know it’s good for the environment,” he said.

Although the routes are each generally less than a mile, the town’s piedibuses have so far eliminated more than 100,000 miles of car travel and, in principle, prevented thousands of tons of greenhouse gases from entering the air, Dario Pesenti, the town’s environment auditor, estimates.

The number of children who are driven to school over all is rising in the United States and Europe, experts on both continents say, making up a sizable chunk of transportation’s contribution to greenhouse-gas emissions. The “school run” made up 18 percent of car trips by urban residents of Britain last year, a national survey showed.

In 1969, 40 percent of students in the United States walked to school; in 2001, the most recent year data was collected, 13 percent did, according to the federal government’s National Household Travel Survey. Lecco’s walking bus was the first in Italy, but hundreds have cropped up elsewhere in Europe and, more recently, in North America to combat the trend.

Towns in France, Britain and elsewhere in Italy have created such routes, although few are as extensive and long-lasting as Lecco’s.

Section 2: Chinese-English Translation (50 points)

全球气候变化深刻影响着人类生存和发展,是各国共同面临的重大挑战。气候变化是人类发展进程中出现的问题,既受自然因素影响,也受人类活动影响,既是环境问题,更是发展问题,同各国发展阶段、生活方式、人口规模、资源禀赋以及国际产业分工等因素密切相关。

归根到底,应对气候变化问题应该也只能在发展过程中推进,应该也只能靠共同发展来解决。中国已经制定和实施了《应对气候变化国家方案》,明确提出2005年到2010年降低单位国内生产总值能耗和主要污染物排放、提高森林覆盖率和可再生能源比重等有约束力的国家指标。

中国高度重视和积极推动以人为本、全面协调可持续的科学发展,明确提出了建设生态文明的重大战略任务,强调要坚持节约资源和保护环境的基本国策,坚持走可持续发展道路,在加快建设资源节约型、环境友好型社会和建设创新型国家的进程中不断为应对气候变化作出贡献。

今后,中国将进一步把应对气候变化纳入经济社会发展规划,并继续采取强有力的措施。一是加强节能、提高能效工作,争取到2020年单位国内生产总值、二氧化碳排放比2005年有显著下降。二是大力发展可再生能源和核能。三是大力增加森林碳汇。四是大力发展绿色经济,积极发展低碳经济和循环经济,研发和推广气候友好技术。

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